Prima pagină > Cântările Ortodoxiei > 14 august: TROPARUL ŞI VIAŢA SF. PR. MIHEIA (Gr, Ro, En)

14 august: TROPARUL ŞI VIAŢA SF. PR. MIHEIA (Gr, Ro, En)

Απολυτίκιο του Προφήτου Μιχαίου – 14 ΑΥΓΟΥΣΤΟΥ

 TROPARUL ŞI VIAŢA SF. PR. MIHEIA

14 august

Pomenirea Sfântului Prooroc Miheia (Miheea).

Miheea - MiheiaAcest prooroc era feciorul lui Ioram, nascut în locul ce se zice Morati, din neamul lui Efrem, si a proorocit 84 de ani, înainte de venirea lui Hristos cu 660 ani. El a mustrat pe Ahav, împaratul Samariei, pentru multele si deosebitele lui pacate, si pentru aceasta era urât de catre acela. Stiind aceasta proorocul, s-a departat si petrecea mai mult în munti. Dupa ce a murit Ahav, Proorocul Miheia a fost omorât de Ioram, feciorul lui Ahav, prin spânzurare, caci îl mustra pentru pagânatatile lui si ale parintilor lui. Si, murind, a fost îngropat în pamântul lui Morati, lânga movila lui Enachim.

Viata sfântului profet Miheea pe larg, dupa Sinaxarul Parintelui Macarie de la manastirea atonita Simonos-Petras.

Ὁ προφήτης Μιχαίας ἔζησε στὴν Ἱερουσαλὴμ τὸ 748 – 696 π.Χ., ἐπὶ τῶν βασιλέων Ἰωάθαμ, Ἄχαζ καὶ Ἐζεκίου. Ἀνῆκε στὴν φυλὴ τοῦ Ἰούδα καὶ γεννήθηκε στὴ Μορασθῆ, γι’ αὐτὸ καὶ ὀνομάσθηκε καὶ Μορασθίτης. Ὁ Μιχαίας, σχεδὸν σύγχρονος μὲ τὸν προφήτη Ἠσαΐα, εἶναι ἕκτος ἀπὸ τοὺς μικροὺς λεγόμενους προφῆτες. Ἡ προφητεία του ἀποτελεῖται ἀπὸ ἑπτὰ κεφάλαια. Στὰ πρῶτα τρία, προαναγγέλλει τὴν καταστροφὴ τῆς Σαμάρειας. Στὰ ἑπόμενα δυὸ μιλάει γιὰ τὴν ἔλευση τοῦ Μεσσία καὶ στὰ δυὸ τελευταῖα ἐλέγχει τὸ λαὸ τοῦ Ἰσραήλ, ποὺ γιὰ νὰ ἐξιλεωθεῖ ζητᾶ νὰ κάνει διάφορες θυσίες στὸν Θεό, ἐνῷ ὁ Μιχαίας τοῦ ὑπενθυμίζει τὸ πραγματικὸ καθῆκον ποὺ ἔχει στὸ Θεό, μὲ τὴν ἑξῆς ἐρώτηση: «Τί Κύριος ἐκζητεῖ παρά σοῦ ἀλλὰ ἡ τοῦ ποιεὶν κρῖμα καὶ ἀγαπᾶν ἔλεον καὶ ἕτοιμον εἶναι τοῦ πορεύεσθαι μετὰ Κυρίου Θεοῦ σου;». Δηλαδή, τί ζητάει ἀπὸ σένα ὁ Θεός, παρὰ μόνο νὰ εἶσαι δίκαιος, εὐσπλαγχνικὸς καὶ πρόθυμος νὰ πορεύεσαι σύμφωνα μὲ τὶς ἐντολὲς τοῦ Κυρίου τοῦ Θεοῦ σου; Μιὰ διαχρονικὴ ὑπενθύμιση, ποὺ ἀνταποκρίνεται φυσικὰ καὶ στοὺς ἀνθρώπους τῆς ἐποχῆς μας. Γενικά, τὸ βιβλίο τοῦ Μιχαία, ποὺ γράφηκε στὴν ἑβραϊκή, διακρίνεται γιὰ τὴ γλαφυρότητα καὶ τὴ σαφήνεια τῶν φράσεών του. Νὰ ἀναφέρουμε ἐπίσης, ὅτι ὁ Μιχαίας, λόγω τοῦ ὅτι ἦταν σφοδρὸς ἐλεγκτὴς τῶν παρανομιῶν τοῦ Ἀχαάθ, βασιλιὰ τοῦ Ἰούδα, καταδιώκετο ἀπ’ αὐτὸν καὶ σῳζόταν φεύγοντας στὰ ὄρη. Ἀλλὰ ὅταν βασίλευσε ὁ γιὸς τοῦ Ἀχαὰβ, Ἰωράμ, συνελήφθη ἀπ’ αὐτόν, μὴ ἀνεχόμενος τοὺς ἐλέγχους του, κρεμάστηκε καὶ ἔτσι θανατώθηκε. Τὸ δὲ σῶμά του περισυνέλεξαν οἱ συγγενεῖς του καὶ τὸ ἔθαψαν στὴ Μορασθῆ, κοντὰ στὸ πολυανδρίο Ἐνακείμ.

Ἀπολυτίκιο. Ἦχος δ’. Ταχὺ προκατάλαβε.
Ὡς ὄρος περίοπτον, καὶ ἐμφανὲς ἀληθῶς, προεῖδες ἐν Πνεύματι, τὴν Ἐκκλησίαν Χριστοῦ, Μιχαία θεόπνευστε· ὅθεν οἱ εὑρηκότες, ἐν αὐτῇ σωτηρίαν, βαίνουσιν ὡς προέφης, ἐν ταῖς τρίβοις Κυρίου, γεραίροντες ὦ Προφῆτα, τὴν πάνσεπτον μνήμην σου.

Κοντάκιον. Ἦχος δ’. Ἐπεφάνης σήμερον.
Τοῦ Ἁγίου Πνεύματος ταῖς λαμπηδόσι, φωτισθεὶς προέγραψας, τὴν συγκατάβασιν Χριστοῦ, δι’ ἧς φθορᾶς ἐλυτρώθημεν, οἱ σὲ τιμῶντες, Μιχαία θεόπνευστε.

Μεγαλυνάριον.
Γλῶσσαν πνευματέμφορον ἐσχηκώς, ὤφθης τῶν μελλόντων, προσημάντωρ ὑφηγητής· ὅθεν ἐδοξάσθης, Μιχαία θεηγόρε, ἀθλητικῶς σφραγίσας, τὴν πολιτείαν σου.

The Prophet Micah, the sixth of the Twelve Minor Prophets, was descended from the Tribe of Judah and was a native of the city of Moresheth, to the south of Jerusalem. His prophetic service began around the year 778 before Christ and continued for almost 50 years under the kings of Judah: Jotham, Ahaz, and Righteous Hezekiah (721-691 B.C., August 28). 

He was a contemporary of the Prophet Isaiah. His denunciations and predictions were in regard to the separate kingdoms of Judah and Israel. He foresaw the misfortunes threatening the kingdom of Israel before its destruction, and the sufferings of Judah during the incursions under the Assyrian emperor Sennacherib. 

To him belongs a prophecy about the birth of the Savior of the world: „And thou, Bethlehem, house of Ephratha, art too few in number to be reckoned with the thousands of Judah; yet out of thee shall come forth to Me, one who is to be a ruler in Israel, and His goings forth were from the beginning, even from eternity” (Mic. 5: 2). From the words of the Prophet Jeremiah (Jer. 26: 18-19), the Jews evidently were afraid to kill the Prophet Micah. His relics were discovered in the fourth century after the Birth of Christ at Baraphsatia, through a revelation to the Bishop of Eleutheropolis, Zeuinos.

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